R&S®SMJ100A Vector Signal Generator
Versatility in signal generation
- Información de pedido
|File Name||Last Modified|
|1GP105: Generation of IEEE 802.15.4 Signals1GP105: Generation of IEEE 802.15.4 Signals||21.05.2015|
This application note describes how to create and generate standard-conform IEEE 802.15.4 test signals with the R&S Vector Signal Generators (VSG).
It provides a brief introduction in the IEEE 802.15.4 PHY and MAC layer, explains in detail how a user-defined frame can be created by using the R&S IEEE 802.15.4 Frame Builder Excel spreadsheet and provides the information required to generate a Frame Builder based test signal with the R&S vector signal generators. Finally an overview of standardized IEEE 802.15.4 PHY receiver tests is given.
|1MA29: NPR - Noise Power Ratio Signal Generation and Measurement1MA29: NPR - Noise Power Ratio Signal Generation and Measurement||21.04.2015|
Noise Power Ratio (NPR) is an add-on tool for WinIQSIM™ to generate noise power ratio stimulus signals and measure the resulting noise power ratio of a device under test (DUT) using Rohde & Schwarz instruments via LAN or GPIB bus.
|1MA196: Using R&S®Forum Application for Instrument Remote Control1MA196: Using R&S®Forum Application for Instrument Remote Control||08.01.2015|
R&S®Forum is a free scripting tool for remote control of Rohde & Schwarz instruments. It allows users to run and edit example script sequences and to write their own script files, as well as on-the-fly remote control of instruments. Script files can range from simple command sequences (Winbatch syntax) to complex programs using the programming language Python.
|1GP96: CDM-Toolbox - Digital Modulation in a simple way1GP96: CDM-Toolbox - Digital Modulation in a simple way||12.12.2014|
This application note provides a brief introduction into the capabilities of the R&S Vector Signal Generators (VSG) to create user defined digitally modulated signals called Custom Digital Modulation (CDM).
|1MA09: FreRes - Program for Frequency Response Measurements1MA09: FreRes - Program for Frequency Response Measurements||05.06.2014|
This application note introduces the program FreRes. Use this program to measure the frequency and/or level response of a device under test, using a generator as signal source and a power meter, a receiver or a spectrum analyzer as indicator
|1MA171: How to use Rohde & Schwarz Instruments in MATLAB1MA171: How to use Rohde & Schwarz Instruments in MATLAB||21.02.2014|
This application note outlines different approaches for remote-controlling Rohde & Schwarz® instruments out of MathWorks MATLAB®. For this purpose the Rohde & Schwarz VXIplug&play instrument drivers are used.
|1GP88: R&S ARB Toolbox Plus1GP88: R&S ARB Toolbox Plus||03.02.2014|
The ARB Toolbox Plus is an easy-to-use, feature packed software package that is used for many ARB waveform related tasks. This software is the successor of the ARB Toolbox which is bundled with the 1GP62 application note. Use this software for creating ARB waveform files from custom IQ data; import data from MATLAB .mat files; evaluate waveform content graphically; resample or filter waveforms; create analog modulated signals as ARB files; edit marker data in waveform files; use the composer for the creation of complex multi carrier scanarios.
|1MA218: Assisting Tools for Operation of Windows-Based T&M Instruments1MA218: Assisting Tools for Operation of Windows-Based T&M Instruments||13.06.2013|
Software tools allow to make the control of T&M instruments more convenient. The adoption of the following tools for Windows®-based T&M instruments is described: ● Synergy:One mouse and one keyboard control a group of T&M instruments ● CamStudio:Video clips of the display of a T&M instrumentare recorded during operation
|1GP85: Signals for LTE FDD Repeater Conformance Testing according to 3GPP TS 36.1431GP85: Signals for LTE FDD Repeater Conformance Testing according to 3GPP TS 36.143||26.04.2013|
This application note helps the user to configure a Rohde & Schwarz vector signal generator for LTE FDD repeater conformance testing. It explains step by step how to set up the baseband signal for the various test cases defined in the 3GPP Technical Specification 36.143.
The R&S®SMx vector signal generators provide predefined, LTE-conform test models and are therefore ideal for LTE repeater conformance testing. The test cases in TS 36.143 can be set up with a single instrument which provides all necessary test signals including the four specified repeater stimulus signals.
|1GP79: Top Ten SCPI Programming Tips for Signal Generators1GP79: Top Ten SCPI Programming Tips for Signal Generators||26.04.2013|
This application note is a programming guide. It briefly summarizes basic tips and information about SCPI programming for remote-controlling Rohde & Schwarz signal generators.
|1GP60: R&S MATLAB® Toolkit for Signal Generators1GP60: R&S MATLAB® Toolkit for Signal Generators||26.04.2013|
The R&S MATLAB® Toolkit for Signal Generators provides routines for remote controlling these instruments. Additional MATLAB® scripts turn I/Q vectors into the Rohde & Schwarz waveform file format for use with an ARB. This application note describes the installation and use of the R&S MATLAB® Toolkit on Microsoft Widows and Linux based systems.
|1MA179: WLAN 802.11n: From SISO to MIMO1MA179: WLAN 802.11n: From SISO to MIMO||26.04.2013|
This application note discusses WLAN standard IEEE 802.11n. It first describes the most important amendments to previous releases and the ambitious new measurement tasks. Then, it describes how to deal with these tasks using Rohde & Schwarz instruments. The main focus here is on transmission over several TX and RX antennas (MIMO). Building multistandard signals using Rohde & Schwarz generators is also described. Screenshots from the analyzer taken on 802.11n signals complete the document.
|1MA28: IQWizard - IQ Signal Measurement and Conversion1MA28: IQWizard - IQ Signal Measurement and Conversion||26.04.2013|
IQWizard is a tool for loading IQ signal files in various formats and measuring IQ signals with a FSx spectrum analyzer or ESx Receiver. The obtained IQ data in memory can be stored in various formats or be transmitted to an AMU / SMU with WinIQSIM™ or WinIQSIM2™.
|1GP99: Simulating Fading with R&S® Vector Signal Generators1GP99: Simulating Fading with R&S® Vector Signal Generators||26.04.2013|
During wireless transmission over the air a signal is subject to fading. Since fading can strongly influence the communication, devices such as mobile phones must be tested under real-world conditions to verify their performance. The Rohde & Schwarz vector signal generators R&SâSMW200A, R&SâSMU200A and R&SâAMU200A make it possible to perform such tests. Their integrated real-time fading simulators reproduce well-defined and repeatable real-world test scenarios to bring reality into your laboratory. A multitude of standard-compliant, preconfigured fading scenarios make the configuration as easy as possible.
This application note gives a brief introduction to fading and explains how to use the fading simulators in custom applications.
|1MA221: LTE: System Specifications and Their Impact on RF & Base Band Circuits1MA221: LTE: System Specifications and Their Impact on RF & Base Band Circuits||10.04.2013|
RF physical layer specifications (such as 3GPP TS36.104) describe a variety of requirements that the end equipment needs to meet. This application note provides insight into some of these specifications and how test & measurement equipment can simplify the task of deriving requirements for RF sub-systems.
|1MA153: Development Hints and Best Practices for Using Instrument Drivers1MA153: Development Hints and Best Practices for Using Instrument Drivers||01.01.2013|
The aim of this application note is to provide information regarding Rohde & Schwarz instrument drivers. This paper shall help application engineers and software developers to easily get an understanding of advanced techniques to develop test and measurement (T&M) applications by utilizing Rohde & Schwarz instrument drivers. Furthermore the nomenclature used for Rohde & Schwarz instrument drivers will be explained.
|1GP95: Testing FPGA-Based Hardware Emulators with Slow I/Q Signals 1GP95: Testing FPGA-Based Hardware Emulators with Slow I/Q Signals||10.12.2012|
During the design process of chipsets or modules, FPGA-based hardware emulators are utilized to perform early tests with real test and measurement instruments. These hardware emulators usually run at artificially reduced speed, but apart from that function like the finished design.
In this application note we explain how to test FPGA-based hardware emulators using Rohde & Schwarz vector signal generators for creating suitable real-time test signals at reduced sample rates. We further explain how to correctly adapt AWGN signal generation and fading simulation for “slow I/Q”.
|1MA206: T&M solutions for software defined radios (SDR)1MA206: T&M solutions for software defined radios (SDR)||15.09.2012|
After its initial implementation in civil mobile telephones, the concept of a software defined radio (SDR) has now started making inroads in radios used for military applications. This document provides an introduction to SDR as used for military radios and presents the relevant T&M solutions offered by Rohde & Schwarz.
|1MA72: Using R&S instruments with Agilent ADS Software1MA72: Using R&S instruments with Agilent ADS Software||04.08.2012|
This Application Note presents means to integrate R&S Test and Measurement instruments into the Agilent® ADS® Design System. Methods to include R&S Instruments are presented, accompanied by a free-of-charge software solution which is provided with this application note. It makes it very easy to include R&S Instruments into your ADS environment and your design flow. Versions for both WINDOWS XP® and LINUX® operating systems are available.
|1MA168: Starting Successfully with the R&S®EX-IQ-Box1MA168: Starting Successfully with the R&S®EX-IQ-Box||23.05.2012|
The R&S EX-IQ-Box serves as a digital baseband interface between a device under test (DUT) and Rohde & Schwarz generators, analyzers and radio communication testers. The DigIConf software supplied with the device controls up to four R&S EX-IQ-Boxes in a test setup and can thus output IQ data for feeding into a DUT while simultaneously receiving IQ output from a DUT.To work together smoothly, the DUT, the R&S EX-IQ-Box and the R&S test instruments have to be configured properly. The purpose of Application Note 1MA168 is to introduce the right 'initial steps' required to get started successfully.
|1GP53: Arbitrary Waveform Sequencing with Rohde & Schwarz Vector Signal Generators1GP53: Arbitrary Waveform Sequencing with Rohde & Schwarz Vector Signal Generators||29.02.2012|
Sequencing of waveforms is a technique used to play back multiple test signals fast and flexibly using an arbitrary waveform generator (ARB). Multiple ARB waveforms can be combined to generate all kinds of test signals sequences. Switching from one waveform to the subsequent waveform in the sequence is instantaneous, which enables high-speed operation for production testing.
This application note explains how to generate such signal sequences using vector signal generators from Rohde & Schwarz. The examples provided show the required instrument settings and possible fields of application for waveform sequencing.
|1MA139: Production Measurements on 3GPP WCDMA Femtocells1MA139: Production Measurements on 3GPP WCDMA Femtocells||02.02.2012|
Femtocells or Home base stations are an important development for cellular networks. This application note describes the tests commonly used during the production of Femtocells, focusing on WCDMA, HSPA, and HSPA+ technology. Tests, test plans and hardware setups for Femtocells with and without receiver diversity are detailed. Find hints about the instrument settings and have a look at typical measurement results. An introduction to simulating GPS / A-GPS signals for testing the GPS receiver of a Femtocell completes the paper.
|1GP56: 802.11 Packet Error Rate Testing1GP56: 802.11 Packet Error Rate Testing||09.01.2012|
When measuring the performance of 802.11 wireless LAN compatible receivers, Packet Error Rate (PER) tests are the method of choice today. This application note describes a simple way to conduct PER tests using signal generators on any 802.11 device, independent of their physical layer design (11b, 11a or 11g). The application software works with standard Windows™ drivers on any card independent of manufacturer. No additional hardware specific software is needed. Easy setup of the source signal is included with direct upload to an SMIQ or AMIQ.
|1MA86: Additional Tests on CDMA2000® Mobile Stations in Accordance with Standard TIA-981MA86: Additional Tests on CDMA2000® Mobile Stations in Accordance with Standard TIA-98||05.01.2012|
Most of the tests specified in the standard TIA-98 that a CDMA2000 mobile station has to fulfill can be performed by the Universal Radio Communication Tester R&S®CMU200 without further assistance. Other tests, however, require additional instruments, for instance for generating interfering signals. Some tests of the standard TIA-98 need features that a tester optimized for production cannot offer, for example high dynamic spectrum analysis up to 12.75 GHz. This Application Note shows how to perform these tests easily with the remote-control software CMUgo, using the R&S®CMU200 in combination with R&S®SMU, R&S®SMJ, R&S®SMIQ, or R&S®SML signal generators, and R&S®FSQ, R&S®FSU, R&S®FSP, or R&S®FSL spectrum analyzers. New test items and sequences will therefore be included in the CMUgo software v1.9.8 to remote-control the R&S®CMU200, as well as the signal generators and spectrum analyzers. They are presented in this Application Note.
|1MA87: Testing HSDPA UE RX Diversity1MA87: Testing HSDPA UE RX Diversity||05.01.2012|
Application Note 1MA87 has been replaced by 1MA130.
|1MA84: HSDPA - Challenges for UE Power Amplifier Design1MA84: HSDPA - Challenges for UE Power Amplifier Design||11.07.2011|
This Application Note describes the HSDPA uplink channel structure. Challenges for UE power amplifier design are outlined, and guidelines how to use R&S measurement equipment for testing UE power amplifiers are provided. An outlook on High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) and the impact of HSUPA on the uplink channel structure is given.
|1MA148: Pulse Train Master for the R&S Signal Generators1MA148: Pulse Train Master for the R&S Signal Generators||10.05.2011|
This Application Note describes a software program that provides easy creation and transfer of Pulse Trains between a PC and the R&S SMB100A, R&S SMA100A and R&S SMF100A analog signal generators with the Pulse Train option; or between a PC and the ARB of R&S SMBV100A, R&S SMJ100A or R&S SMU200A vector signal generators.
|1MA161: LTE Bitstream Verification1MA161: LTE Bitstream Verification||02.02.2011|
Verification of baseband data is an important step in the early development phase of LTE/LTE-A-ready products. Comparison values for baseband data (test vectors) from other sources can be very useful in order to verify the correct implementation of the standard. Option K81 for the R&S®SMx200A vector signal generator offers sample data for LTE at the bit level. The reference data enables users to test their own implementation of the specification. The LTE bit stream verification program shown here uses data generated by this option and offers a (bitwise) comparison with bit streams generated for an LTE downlink signal. Therefore it demonstrates, how easy the option R&S SMx-K81 can be integrated into the simulation and design process during the development of LTE/LTE-A handsets or base stations.
|1GP62: Importing Data in ARB, Custom Digital Modulation and RF List Mode1GP62: Importing Data in ARB, Custom Digital Modulation and RF List Mode||22.12.2010|
The foregoing application note is intended for everyone who desires to become more familiar with the use and upload of custom data in ARB, digital modulation and RF list mode. Particularly, this note describes the instruments R&S® SMU200A, R&S® SMJ100A and R&S® SMATE200A and provides an overview of already available solutions as well as it gives hints for the writing of own applications. The ARB Toolbox software is discontinued. The replacement product is the new ARB Toolbox PLUS - please see 1GP88.
|1EF70: Measurement of phase-, timing- and gain offset between 2 signals using multiple spectrum analyzers1EF70: Measurement of phase-, timing- and gain offset between 2 signals using multiple spectrum analyzers||28.09.2010|
This application note describes how to measure the coherence (phase-, timing and gain-differences) between two RFSignals using Rohde&Schwarz spectrum analyzers, a Rohde&Schwarz signal generator and the R&S FS-Z10 Coherence Unit.
|1MA174: Connectivity of R&S® Test Solutions with AWR® Visual System Simulator™ (VSS)1MA174: Connectivity of R&S® Test Solutions with AWR® Visual System Simulator™ (VSS)||20.05.2010|
This application note describes how to connect R&S® test and measurement products quickly and seamlessly to AWR® Visual System Simulator™ (VSS) via a GPIB or LAN interface. Using AWR® Connected™ customized for Rohde & Schwarz hardware and R&S® WinIQSIM2™ signal simulation software, the flexibility of digital radio standards is highlighted and its integration into VSS is demonstrated.
|1MA134: Easy LTE/E-UTRA Base Station Testing acc. to 3GPP TS 36.1411MA134: Easy LTE/E-UTRA Base Station Testing acc. to 3GPP TS 36.141||11.11.2009|
Application Note 1MA134 has been replaced by 1MA154.
|1MA109: CDMA2000® Base Station Tests With the R&S®SMU200A Vector Signal Generator and Rohde & Schwarz Spectrum Analyzers1MA109: CDMA2000® Base Station Tests With the R&S®SMU200A Vector Signal Generator and Rohde & Schwarz Spectrum Analyzers||15.09.2009|
This Application Note describes measurements compliant with the CDMA2000® base station standard described in 3GPP2 C.S0010-C v2.0 / TIA/EIA-97-F-1. The primary focus is on solutions for generating and analyzing CDMA2000 signals. The special characteristics that make the selected signal generators and signal analyzers highly suitable for this purpose are detailed, and remote control programming is demonstrated by means of a free-of-charge program.
|1MA108: Bluetooth® Basics at a Glance1MA108: Bluetooth® Basics at a Glance||14.09.2009|
This Application Note provides a brief look at the most important parameters and terms in Bluetooth®. It also covers new developments such as Enhanced Data Rate ( version 2.0+EDR ).
|1GP64: Converting Existing Waveform Files from R&S®AMIQ or Binary into R&S®SMU200A or R&S®AFQ100A Format1GP64: Converting Existing Waveform Files from R&S®AMIQ or Binary into R&S®SMU200A or R&S®AFQ100A Format||18.06.2009|
This application note describes how to use the Rohde & Schwarz software tool ‘RsBatchConvert.exe’ for the conversion of binary data or WinIQSIM generated AMIQ waveforms into the new waveform format. The tool not only rescales I/Q data contained in the file but also changes the K-option requirement from WinIQSIM Kxx to the new WinIQSIM2 K2xx options. Thus, new instruments with installed K2xx options may be used to continue using existing waveform files.
|1MA144: How to Run WCDMA BER/ BLER Tests Using R&S Vector Signal Generators1MA144: How to Run WCDMA BER/ BLER Tests Using R&S Vector Signal Generators||06.03.2009|
This application note shows how to run 3GPP WCDMA BER and BLER tests according to standard TS 25.141 with the Vector Signal Generators R&S®SMBV100A, R&S®SMJ100A, or R&S®SMU200A. The description of hardware test setup is followed by detailed instructions on how to configure the R&S® generators and how to run a BER or BLER test step by step. Remote control commands for the generators are included, to simplify integrating the BER/BLER tests into your proprietary test suite.
|1GP67: Phase Adjustment of Two MIMO Signal Sources with Option B901GP67: Phase Adjustment of Two MIMO Signal Sources with Option B90||21.01.2009|
This Application Note is intended for anyone who needs to adjust RF phases of two or more signal generator outputs. Specifically, it explains how to achieve optimal results using the PhaseTracker PC software (which can be downloaded from the same website) for controlling R&S®SMATE200A, R&S®SMU200A, R&S®SMJ100A and R&S®SMBV100A fitted with option B90 and a spectrum analyzer from Rohde & Schwarz.
|1MA120: Measuring Electro Magnetic Disturbance During ISO/IEC 14443 Chipcard Data Transmission1MA120: Measuring Electro Magnetic Disturbance During ISO/IEC 14443 Chipcard Data Transmission||19.10.2007|
The Electromagnetic Disturbance (EMD) emitted by Proximity-Integrated-Circuit-Cards (PICC) is a unwanted form of load modulation. This Application Note describes a method for measuring EMD during data transmission using vector signal analysis
|RAC-0611-0025: WiMAX Power Amplifier TestingRAC-0611-0025: WiMAX Power Amplifier Testing||03.08.2007|
This appication note introduces a program suitable for generating and analyzing WiMAX IEEE 802.16 signals for power amplifier testing. The program allows the user to change the generator settings, to select specific pre-defined test parameters and to analyze the test results. The application note describes the test parameters and the features and capabilities of the program.
|1MA103: Tests of Power Amplifiers for Single-Channel and Multi-Channel TD-SCDMA Base Stations1MA103: Tests of Power Amplifiers for Single-Channel and Multi-Channel TD-SCDMA Base Stations||31.07.2007|
This Application Note describes how to perform measurements on power amplifiers for TD-SCDMA base stations to specification TS 25.142 using Rohde & Schwarz generators, power meters and signal/spectrum analyzers. The TD-SCDMA application firmware for Rohde & Schwarz generators and analyzers as well as their outstanding performance facilitate efficient and rapid measurements.
|RAC-0703-0029: Remote Operation of R&S Instruments Using Remote Desktop Connection via LANRAC-0703-0029: Remote Operation of R&S Instruments Using Remote Desktop Connection via LAN||05.07.2007|
Rohde & Schwarz instruments can be shared when users wish to use the same instrument. This can be done quite easily with the LAN interface, which comes as a standard option. Through this interface, Rohde & Schwarz instruments can be connected directly to a network, and users with access to the network can manually operate the instrument from a remote computer. This Application Note lists all instruments that support these features and describes the steps necessary to set up and configure the network connection to operate these instruments remotely.
|1EF58: WiMAX: IEEE 802.16e-2005 Introduction to OFDMA Measurements1EF58: WiMAX: IEEE 802.16e-2005 Introduction to OFDMA Measurements||23.05.2007|
Rohde & Schwarz offers a complete test solution for WiMAX applications by combining its Signal Generator R&S SMU200A and Signal Analyzer R&S FSQ plus the appropriate options. This application note provides an overview of the differences between OFDM and OFDMA and demonstrates, how convenient it is to generate and analyze WiMAX OFDMA signals according to standard IEEE 802.16e-2005.
|1MA104: TD-SCDMA Test Signals in Accordance with Standards TS 34.122 and TS 25.1421MA104: TD-SCDMA Test Signals in Accordance with Standards TS 34.122 and TS 25.142||10.05.2007|
Application Note 1MA104 shows you how to quickly and easily create TD-SCDMA test signals for user equipment and base station tests as stipulated in the standards TS 34.122 and TS 25.142.
|1MA107: Transmitter Tests in Accordance with the CTIA Plan for Wi-Fi Mobile Converged Devices1MA107: Transmitter Tests in Accordance with the CTIA Plan for Wi-Fi Mobile Converged Devices||11.10.2006|
In response to the growing number of WLAN modules that also support a cellular network (converged devices), CTIA published a plan with new tests in August 2006 that certifies Wi-Fi conformance. This Application Note first addresses the transmitter tests of the CTIA plan. For these tests Rohde&Schwarz offers preprogrammed instrument setups. They enable you to perform the measurements on the WLAN test set easily and quickly. Moreover, this Application Note shows how you can check the spectrum transmit mask defined for OFDM by means of only one keystroke on the Rohde&Schwarz spectrum analyzers.
|1MA101: Fast Scalar Network Analysis Using a Signal Generator and a Power Meter1MA101: Fast Scalar Network Analysis Using a Signal Generator and a Power Meter||14.07.2006|
This document presents a simple procedure for network analysis that is more cost-effective than the use of scalar network analyzers. It allows the accurate measurement of the transmission characteristics of filters, amplifiers and frequency converters over a large frequency and dynamic range. In order to reach very high measurement speeds, Rohde & Schwarz signal generators are operated in 'List Mode', and Rohde & Schwarz power meters are operated in 'Buffered Mode.' The required programming for the signal generator and the power meter is illustrated by excerpts from a Visual Basic program which is available, free of charge, upon request.
|1MA97: WiMAX - Generating and analyzing 802.16-2004 and 802.16e-2005 signals1MA97: WiMAX - Generating and analyzing 802.16-2004 and 802.16e-2005 signals||10.07.2006|
This Application Note gives an introduction to measurements of WiMAX signals according to standards 80216-2004 and 802.16e-2005. It describes all kind of signal generation from simple signals to multiple-zone signals, also under multipath environment (fading), and covers all signal measurements from power and spectrum analysis, crest factor and CCDF measurement down to bit pattern analysis and modulation measurements.
|RSI01: Generation and Analysis of RFID Signals According to ISO 15693RSI01: Generation and Analysis of RFID Signals According to ISO 15693||17.05.2006|
This application note describes how to generate test signals for 13.56 MHz RFID modules according to ISO 15693 with R&S Signal Generators and analyze them with R&S Signal Analyzers using software R&S WinIQSIM™.
|1MA94: High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) White Paper1MA94: High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) White Paper||09.02.2006|
High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) is a 3GPP release 6 feature for WCDMA. Objective is to achieve uplink data rates of up to 5.76 Mbps and increase throughput and capacity. This application note introduces HSUPA concepts and explains key features.
|1GP59: R&S FM-ARB - PC Software for generating FM/AM signals in the ARB1GP59: R&S FM-ARB - PC Software for generating FM/AM signals in the ARB||07.02.2006|
THIS PRODUCT IS DISCONTINUED. PLEASE USE THE ARB TOOLBOX PLUS (1GP62) AS REPLACEMENT. The software R&S FM-ARB creates waveforms with Frequency Modulation, Phase Modulation or Amplitude Modulation. Those waveforms can be directly transferred to the selected Arbitrary Waveform Generator or saved to a file for later use.